The Driver and vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) has recommended that drivers aged 70 and over are required to take a driving test.
At present, from the age of 70 motorists are only required to declare their medical condition every three years. However, no independent checks are made, so the system is reliant on honesty.
Now the DVLA is expected to propose that drivers take a paper-based test and health assessments if they wish to continue driving once they reach 70.
It also wants to give local authorities more power to give drivers additional training and advise them to switch to automatic cars.
The proposals will be made in a consultation document, which will be published this autumn.
A Department of Transport spokesman said: 'We don't want to discriminate against elderly drivers. We just need to make sure they are safe.'
Statistics from the Association of British Insurers suggest that drivers aged 70 and over are three times more likely to be killed or seriously injured in a road crash than those aged between 40 and 65.
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