Ranked: the home charging times of every electric car on sale
CHAdeMO, CCS, Type-1, RFID cards. Confused by electric car charging? You’re not alone. The EV market is awash with puzzling acronyms and ways to charge, from public charge points to home trickle...
Using a public charger is the fastest way to charge your electric vehicle (EV), but most of us will prefer the convenience of doing it at home.
For most then, charging from home is the best way to keep your EV topped up. The problem is, charging from a three-pin plug socket is painfully slow and not recommended by electricians. To charge faster and more safely at home, you’ll need to invest in a wallbox.
Wallboxes charge at 3.6kW, 7kW, or 11kW or 22kW (if property has a three-phase supply) per hour, the last of which is around six times as fast as a conventional plug socket. They can be installed outside or inside and provide a dedicated power supply for your electric car. And better still, there’s a £500 Government grant towards their cost and installation.
We’ve rounded up the UK’s current crop of electric cars and ranked them in order of how long they take to charge from a home wallbox to 100%:
Tesla Model X Long Range – 15 hours
With an official range of 314 miles, the Tesla Model X Long Range lives up to its name. And with Tesla’s network of superfast public charging points around the UK, you can add an 80% charge in only 38 minutes. But with such large batteries, plugging the Model X in at home for a full charge means the 100kWh battery takes 15 hours to get to 10% from a 7.4kW wallbox.
Tesla Model S Long Range – 15 hours
The Model S Long Range manages 379 miles between recharges in the official WLTP test, making it the EV of choice for those who need to travel long distances regularly. Charging the 100kWh battery at home, though, will take around 15 hours through a wallbox.
Audi E-tron – 13.5 hours
The Audi E-tron faces seriously good competition from the likes of the Jaguar I-Pace and Tesla Model X, but with a 95kWh battery and 248 mile range, it’s a strong contender if you need a long-distance EV. Charging from home takes 13.5 hours.
Volkswagen ID 3 - 13 hours
Production has already started on Volkswagen’s new ID 3, its Golf-sized all-electric hatch that will go on sale in the UK early next year. Buyers will have a choice of three battery sizes, 45kWh, 58kWh or 77kWh, providing official ranges spanning 200 miles to 340 miles. Home charging will take up to 13 hours for the long-range version.
Jaguar I-Pace – 13 hours
If proof were needed that electric cars aren’t boring, the Jaguar I-Pace is it. The I-Pace sets the bar for handling, styling and performance. Power comes from a 396bhp, 90kWh battery giving a range of 292 miles. Recharging from home takes 13 hours.
Porsche Taycan – 13 hours (est)
Porsche’s first electric car, the Taycan, is a stunner. With 256 miles of range and a 0-62mph time of 2.8sec, it’s the first proper rival to the Tesla Model S P100D. And unlike most electric cars, it has a two-speed gearbox to help manage its 751bhp. Charging the Taycan’s 93kWh battery from home will take around 13 hours.
Mercedes-Benz EQC – 12 hours
The EQC is Mercedes’ first bespoke electric car, although it’s loosely based on the GLC SUV. It faces tough competition from the Audi E-tron, Jaguar I-Pace and Tesla Model X, and it holds up well with an 80kWh battery that gives it a range of 259 miles. Recharging from home takes 12 hours.
Volvo XC40 Recharge – 12 hours
Recharge is Volvo’s new electric car sub brand. The first electric Volvo to wear the Recharge badge is the XC40. Using a 78kWh battery, the XC40 Recharge has a range of 248 miles, which powers two electric motors to give it four-wheel drive. Charging from a home wallbox takes 12 hours.
Polestar 2 – 12 hours
Underneath, the Volvo XC40 Recharge and Polestar 2 are practically identical. The Polestar edges ahead on the range front, though, with 275 miles. And it takes the same amount of time as the XC40 to recharge from home: 12 hours.
Nissan Leaf E+ - 11hr 30
The Nissan Leaf is the world’s best-selling electric car and, while the first-generation model had disappointing range, it’s evolved into a car that should definitely be on shopping lists. The standard Leaf has an official range of 168 miles from its 40kWh battery and charges in around eight hours. The Leaf e+ increases the battery size to 62kWh and charges in 11.5 hours.
Hyundai Kona Electric –10
The Hyundai Kona Electric is a great-looking SUV that’s good value against more premium rivals. It comes with a 64kWh battery that give it a range of 279 miles, as well as a 201bhp electric motor. It takes 10 hours to charge from home.
Kia e-Niro – 10 hours
The Kia e-Niro is so good it was the 2019 What Car? car of the Year. It offers space and range for an affordable price, while power comes from a 64kWh battery giving an official range of 282 miles. From a home wallbox it will charge in around 10 hours.
Kia e-Soul – 10 hours
The all-new Kia Soul is electric only and all the better for it. With a range of 280 miles from its 64kWh battery, it’s a dramatic improvement over the old car’s 132 miles and up there with some of the longest-range electric cars currently on sale. Charging from home will take 10 hours.
Renault Zoe – 8 hours
The Zoe has been around for seven years but with a range of only 100 miles it wasn’t a car you’d contemplate taking on a longer journey. Now it’s been refreshed and, along with a snazzy new interior, gets a 52kWh battery that takes the range up to a more useful 245 miles. Home charging takes around eight hours.
Tesla Model 3 Standard Range – 8 hours
The Model 3 is Tesla’s most affordable car. With 200kWh charging capability, it takes just 10 minutes to add 80% range from one of Tesla's ultra-rapid charger. At home, the 50kWh battery takes around eight hours for a full charge, giving a range of 252 miles.
Citroën Berlingo Electric – 8 hours
The Citroen Berlingo Electric van is hamstrung by a short range. Its tiny 22.5kWh battery is only capable of 106 miles between charges. But at least you can charge it to 80% in only 30 minutes, or eight hours if you charge it at home.
Nissan e-NV200 – 8 hours
If you’re after an electric van, the options are limited to just four models at the moment. If you need the longest-range electric van, then the choice is even easier. The Nissan e-NV200. With underpinnings from the Leaf, the e-NV200 has a range of 124 miles from its 40kWh battery. Charging from home will take eight hours.
MG ZS EV – 7 hours
The reborn, Chinese-owned MG has been making basic but great value motors for a few years now but it’s the ZS EV that could really be the brand’s game changer. Starting at just under £25k (after the Government grant) the ZS EV is excellent value for money. Range isn’t as generous as some, but 163 miles will be enough for most people. Its 44.5kWh battery recharges in just under seven hours from a home charger.
Peugeot e-208 – 7 hours
When the new Peugeot 208 goes on sale early next year, buyers will have a choice of petrol, diesel or electric power. Rivalling the Renault Zoe and forthcoming Vauxhall Corsa-e, the e-208’s 50kWh battery has a 211 mile range and can be charged in seven hours from a wallbox.
Vauxhall Corsa-e 7 hours
The Vauxhall Corsa is a perennial favourite in the UK, and the Corsa-e is a clear sign of just how mainstream EVs are becoming. It’s a bit pricey (but no more so than rivals) at £26,490 after the £3500 Government grant, but the Corsa-e’s 50kWh battery is good for up to 287 miles and comes with an eight-year battery warranty.
DS 3 Crossback E-Tense – 7 hours
DS is Citroen’s upmarket brand and the E-Tense is a new electric model that joins the petrol and diesel versions of the DS 3 Crossback SUV. A 50kWh battery gives it 200 miles of official range and means it takes seven hours to charge from a home wallbox.
Peugeot Partner Electric – 8 hours
With a range of just 65 miles, the Peugeot Partner Electric doesn’t make much sense unless you just need a van for very short trips around town. Its unexceptional 22.5kWh battery can thankfully be charged from a fast charging socket, though, giving you 80% range in 30 minutes. Charging from home takes six hours.
BMW i3 – 6 hours
The BMW i3 was one of the electric car trailblazers and, 10 years on from when it was unveiled, still looks futuristic. The latest i3 has a 42.2kWh battery giving it an official WLTP-verified range of 193 miles. Charging from a wallbox takes six hours.
BMW i3s – 6 hours
The i3s is a more powerful version of the i3. Power rises from 168bhp as standard to 182bhp, reducing the 0-62mph time by half a second. BMW claims the i3s has the same range of 193 miles and charging time as the regular car, but use that extra performance often and in the real-world you’ll need to charge it more often.
Honda E – 6 hours
After a small electric car? You might want to hold on a few months until the Honda e arrives. This is Honda’s new bespoke electric city car and it’s a stunner. Honda is pitching the E at premium rivals such as the BMW i3 and Mini Electric. Power comes from a 35.5kWh battery giving 120 miles of range. The Honda e charges in around six hours at home.
Seat Mii Electric – 5hr 30 minutes
The Seat Mii Electric will be one of the UK’s cheapest electric cars when it goes on sale early next year. Priced at £19,300, after the Government grant, the first 300 customers also get a free wallbox charger. The Mii electric has a range of 162 miles from its 38.6kWh battery and will charge in less than six hours at home.
Skoda Citigo-e iV – 5hr 30 minutes
The Skoda Citigo-e iV is the sister car to the Seat Mii Electric and Volkswagen e-Up and will offer a similar range of 162 miles and price below £20,000. Like those cars, its 38.6kWh battery will recharge in five and a half hours from a home wallbox.
Volkswagen e-Up - 5hr 30 minutes
The electric Up is now into its second generation and offers more range for less money. Volkswagen has almost doubled the capacity of the battery to 32.3kWh, with an official range of 162 miles and the ability of fast charging. At home, it needs just over five hours for a full charge.
Volkswagen e-Golf - 5 hours
While many electric cars feature bespoke designs, the e-Golf is based on the existing Golf. And that’s no bad thing because the Golf is a great all-rounder. The e-Golf swaps the petrol or diesel engines for a 134bhp electric unit that’s powered from a 35.8kWh battery. Volkswagen says it will manage 186 miles between charges, and you can replenish the battery in five hours from a home wallbox. However, the e-Golf is about to be replaced by the ID 3.
Citroën C-Zero – 5 hours
The Citroen C-Zero is a first-generation electric vehicle, a trailblazer that just doesn’t feel competitive against the new breed of EVs. In fact, Citroen has stopped building the C-Zero as it readies its replacement. Under the old testing procedure, the C-Zero has a quoted range of 93 miles, though in reality this is more like 60. It’s 14.5kWh takes five hours to charge from home.
Ford Focus Electric – 5 hour
The Focus Electric is based on the old Focus and has been around since 2013. Ford has launched hybrid versions of the Focus but hasn’t confirmed a new EV model yet. The Focus Electric’s battery was upgraded a couple of years in an effort to keep the car vaguely competitive. It now has a 33.5kWh battery giving a range of 140 miles and a recharging time of five hours.
Hyundai Ioniq Electric – 6.5 hours
A recent mid-life facelift has made the Hyundai Ioniq an even more attractive choice. As well as a more powerful electric motor, the 38.3kWh battery has been upgraded to give 193 miles of range. Plugging it into a wallbox charger at home will replenish the battery in 6.5 hours.
Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive – 5 hours
By slotting an electric motor and battery into its B-Class hatchback, Mercedes has created a car with an official range of 124 miles. The B-Class Electric Drive is no longer on sale, although Mercedes is planning a range of 10 fully-electric ‘EQ’ models in the next few years. The B-Class charges in five hours from a wallbox.
Mini Electric – 5 hours
The Mini Electric will hit the road in Spring 2020 and cost from £24,400. Much of its electric tech comes from the BMW i3. A 32.6kWh battery gives a range of up to 145 miles and can be charged from home in five hours when plugged into a wallbox.
Peugeot iOn – 5 hours
The Peugeot iOn shares the same battery and platform as the Citroen C-Zero and as a result it feels outclassed these days. While okay as a second car for the school run or trips to the train station, it isn't be suitable for longer journeys. Its 14.5kWh battery gives a range of around 60 miles and takes five hours to charge.
Renault Kangoo Z.E. – 5 hours
The Renault Kangoo Z.E. uses the same batteries and motor as the Renault Zoe hatchback and is available as both a panel van and an MPV-style ‘crew van’. Its 33kWh battery is quick to recharge and has a useful range of 124 miles. Charging from home should take five hours from a wallbox.
Smart Fortwo EQ – 4 hours
The Smart Fortwo EQ can’t go as far as many rivals, but its tiny dimensions and peppy motor make it a ‘smart’ choice if you only need an EV for the city. Its 17.6kWh battery powers an 81bhp electric motor. Smart quotes an official range of 70 miles and a full charging time of four hours.
Smart EQ Forfour – 4 hour
Similar to the Fortwo, the key difference with the Forfour – as the name implies – is that it seats four rather than two. It also offers a bit more practicality and boot space. Like the Fortwo, it averages around 70 miles between charges, and can be charged at home in four hours when hooked up to a wallbox.
Renault Twizy – 3.5 hours
The Renault Twizy has an official range of 62 miles. But it’s very basic inside and offers only marginal protection from the elements so, while it’s a great station hack or town car, you won’t want to take it much farther. Charging takes 3.5 hours but it’s not possible to fast charge a Twizy as it has a conventional three-pin plug.
Uniti One - 1 to 2 hours
Not only is the Uniti One the cheapest electric car on sale (with prices starting from £15,000 after the Government grant), it’s the fastest charging, too. The One comes with a choice of two batteries, a 12kWh that charges in one hour or a 24kWh that charges in two. They deliver 93 miles and 186 miles of range respectively.
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